According to a new broadband rankings analysis from the
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, the U.S. has made "rapid
progress" in broadband deployment, performance, price and adoption.
The report, clearly meant to counter various studies that
rank the U.S. below a number of other countries in broadband metrics, is called
"The Whole Picture: Where America's Broadband Networks Really Stand."
Among the board members of ITIF are representatives of Apple, Microsoft and
Among the main points the report makes is that when the high
cost of delivering and upgrading broadband in a "largely suburban"
nation is taken into account, prices for broadband in America are reasonable
and performance is better than a "handful of nations" with densely
populated areas and large government subsidies.
"American broadband is neither a wasteland nor a
utopia," the report's authors say. "It's a complicated,
capital-intensive marketplace fraught with risk where players enjoy periods of
apparent success punctuated by moments of failure as they misallocate
ITIF has little good to say about the competing international
studies that are often cited to suggest the U.S. is behind the curve on
broadband. "Despite the frequent claims that the United States lags in
international broadband comparisons," says the report, "the studies
cited to support this claim are out-of-date, poorly-focused, and/or
The report has plenty of criticisms in its broad-brush
"Many international broadband reports cherry-pick the
wealth of data on the subject in order to reach a foreordained conclusion. Many
ignore the higher costs of building broadband networks in low population
density nations such as the United States. Many conflate advertised and actual
speeds, globally ranking the speeds that Internet service providers claim to
offer though little accurate data exist outside the U.S. confirming whether
customers receive these speeds in most nations. Many ignore differences between
nations in computer ownership rates, neglecting the fact that people will not
subscribe to broadband, no matter how cheap and good it is, unless they own a
And it names names. It says the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) is a useful effort, but is based on limited
data and used to establish winners and losers in what it suggests is an unhelpful
and inaccurate international competition for bragging rights.
The conclusions the ITIF report offers up to make its point
that the U.S. is a broadband leader, regardless of its rankings in "cherry-picked"
"America enjoys robust intermodal competition between
cable and DSL fiber-based facilities, with the third highest rate of wired
intermodal competition in the OECD (behind Belgium and Netherlands.)
"America leads the world in the adoption of 4G/LTE
mobile broad and, a technology that's a credible competitor at the lower end of
the broadband speed spectrum and a gateway technology for bringing broadband
"Entry-level pricing for American broadband is the
second lowest in the OECD, behind Israel.
"In the last few years American firms bought more fiber
optic cable than those of any nation other than China and more than all of
Europe combined. 2011 was the first year in which America's fiber purchases
exceeded those of 2000, and 2012 orders have remained strong.
"82 percent of American homes are passed by a cable
technology capable of supporting broadband speeds of 100 Mbps or higher and a
new technology known as Vectored DSL may soon bring a second 100 Mbps service
into the market.
"American broadband prices are progressive: American
users of low-speed, entry-level broadband services pay less than their peers in
other countries, but those who use the fastest services pay more."