He Changed TV

A look at the incomparable legacy of Aaron Spelling
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Aaron Spelling produced successful TV series in five different decades,
an amazing enough accomplishment in the wildly churning waters of cutthroat
network television. More amazing still was Spelling's timing: Like a clutch
pinch-hitter coming to the plate in extra innings, he managed to deliver hits
just when his club needed them most.

He died at 83 on June 23 from complications arising from a stroke the
week before. He left behind an incredible legacy. In fact, he is recognized by
the Guinness Book of World Records as he most prolific primetime producer in
history, and his $48 million, 56,000-square-foot Los Angeles estate gives a
sense of his oversized wealth. But critics called him the “king of trash
TV,” and those criticisms stung him.

Spelling, who shifted very early from acting and scriptwriting to
producing, cut his TV-producer teeth on Zane Grey
Theater
in 1956. For Four Star Studio Productions in the early
1960s, he generated such stylish series as Burke's
Law
and Honey West. Setting off
on his own, he struck gold with ABC's The Mod
Squad
. The cop show about hippie types going undercover as
law-enforcement officers managed to straddle the ever widening generation gap
when it premiered in the volatile year of 1968. Its story of three young heroes
(“One white, one black, one blonde”) gave young viewers stars their own
age, such as Peggy Lipton, while placating older viewers with traditional
stories and moral messages.

Appealing to polar audiences—young and old, together or
separately—would become Spelling's stock in trade. So would shows like
Dynasty that depicted the over-the-top lives of the very
rich. When ABC was a laughably distant third in the Nielsen ratings behind CBS
and NBC, Spelling's law-and-order shows in the mid '60s—S.W.A.T., Starsky &
Hutch
, The Rookies—pointed the
way out. He developed one of TV's few durable family dramas,
Family, in 1976, but no accomplishment that
year had as much impact as Charlie's
Angels
.

The show not only launched Farrah Fawcett as an instant international
phenomenon but sent ABC into the stratosphere as well. Charlie's Angels initiated the era that Paul Klein,
rival programmer at NBC at that time, called “jiggle TV.”

It worked, and it wasn't Spelling's only trick. He not only made new
stars but hired mature ones in guest roles, crafting huge hits out of
Fantasy Island and The Love Boat in 1977. ABC vaulted to No. 1 and used
Spelling so often that ABC, well into the '80s with such hits as
Hart to Hart, Dynasty and T.J.
Hooker
, was known as the Aaron Broadcasting Company.

In 1990, Spelling stepped up to bat for a new team: Fox, which, like ABC
a generation before, was tying its fortunes to being able to reach a younger
demographic. Spelling's home runs for Fox included Beverly Hills,
90210
, which made a star of his daughter, Tori Spelling, as well as
other young, sexy actors. 90210 became a
huge hit during the summer, when high school and college students were home to
embrace it; spinoff Melrose Place became a
success when Spelling recruited one of his former Dynasty stars, Heather Locklear, to come aboard.
Spelling, it seemed, not only knew what worked but knew who did, too.

And when an even younger network, aiming for even younger viewers, was
launched in 1996, it was a show from Aaron Spelling's shop—7th Heaven, a family drama in the same genre as his
Family—that gave The WB its first hit. It
proved so durable a show that, after 10 years on the air, it had outlasted not
only Spelling but was destined to outlive The WB itself and move to the
upcoming CW network after a surprise 11th-season renewal.

Spelling had one final WB success in Charmed, which launched with Shannon Doherty from
90210. The biggest star he made over his
half-century career, though, was Fawcett, with Locklear an easy second. The
biggest star he rediscovered? That's easy: Joan Collins on
Dynasty, who didn't even join the show
until its second season—which was precisely when it took off.

On the business side, Spelling made not stars but constellations and was
instrumental in putting ABC, Fox and The WB onto Hollywood's celestial
maps.

Although Spelling was an undeniable, unashamed populist, he also
presented some fare, over the decades, of which he was, and deserved to be,
inordinately proud for reasons of quality rather than just popularity. In the
mid '70s, when the made-for-TV movie was just getting established, Spelling
showcased a young John Travolta in 1976's The Boy in
the Plastic Bubble
and Linda Purl in a hugely popular cautionary
tale about teen runaways lured into prostitution, 1976's
Little Ladies of the Night.

And in 1993, having already improved the fortunes of ABC and Fox,
Spelling moved over to HBO and was one of the first producers to give that
network a prestige special-event movie, with the landmark, influential AIDS
drama And the Band Played On. In the current
era of television, it's a given that cable, not broadcast, networks will
present big stars in big made-for-TV movies and miniseries. There again, as in
so many times and at so many networks, Aaron Spelling was there first, swinging
for the fences—and winning.

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