RELATED: Landgraf: 'Go Big or Go Home'
General entertainment has become the place to be if you're a
cable programmer. At a time when cable operators and other distributors are
looking at their costs and viewers are considering cord-cutting and watching
whatever they can find on the Web, more networks are pushing to create
big-ticket scripted shows, possibly turning the smaller niche channels that
originally defined the cable industry into endangered species.
Last week, FX Networks president John Landgraf announced
that the News Corp. unit is launching the general entertainment network FXX
that will aim at 18-to-34-year-old viewers with scripted comedies now and
dramas in the near future. FXX will be part of a suite of three networks-along
with FX and the movie channel FXM—and Landgraf said he plans to fill that suite
with 25 scripted shows per year, or about the same amount as the traditional
broadcast networks produce.
CBS, which just bought 50% of the TV Guide Network for about
$100 million, might also look to tap CEO Leslie Moonves' golden touch with
programming and push into the general entertainment cable space. Newcomer
Participant Media also said it was creating a network, Pivot, aimed at
millennials. While planning new spins on traditional TV genres such as dramas,
talk shows, reality shows and even variety, Pivot president Evan Shapiro
declared his channel was in the general entertainment game.
Everybody Wants to Get Into the Act
Many other channels have been looking to move more into the
general entertainment category, and nothing creates a bigger bang with both
distributors and advertisers than scripted shows. Viacom's Spike is moving more
toward general entertainment with scripted shows in development. History
Channel's scripted The Bible and Vikings were among last week's
highest-rated programs in all of TV, alongside The Walking Dead, which
generated audiences as impressive as the awards other scripted shows garnered
for the once-obscure movie network AMC. And with former FX and Fox chief Peter
Liguori now running parent Tribune Co., WGN America is pursuing a general
entertainment strategy and will eventually be looking for scripted shows to
redefine the network.
Streaming video players such as Netflix and Amazon are
starting to get into the scripted game themselves, so established programmers
are also building ways to have their programming support the current ecosystem.
Will the television business support the influx of more
general entertainment competitors? "I don't think the world needs another
general market entertainment channel for the sake of reruns," said David Bank,
managing director of equity research at RBC Capital Markets. But Bank adds,
based on talks with programming executives at distributors and affiliate sales
people at the programmers, "If you could put on differentiated content, it
would drive carriage, absolutely."
It's not just the NFL that creates leverage when a blackout
threatens during carriage renewal talks. Bank said that if a program develops a
following of only 1 million or 2 million vocal viewers, that translates into
subscriber revenue. "Fan engagement with these cult-type shows is enough to
drive carriage and affiliate fee increases," he said. "A show like The
Walking Dead on a niche network drives carriage. So it's about the
Putting money into cable programming has also become a
better investment, thanks to the streaming SVOD business. "What the digital
distributors have done-meaning Netflix, Amazon, Hulu and whoever else comes
along-is they've provided a syndicated marketplace for even those kind of funky
serialized shows, like [FX's] The Americans," Bank said. "Well, it's a
pretty good show. It's getting ratings and it's probably going to have a life
somewhere in digital syndication."
Original content also helps cable networks increase the
rates they charge for advertising. At FX's upfront presentation last week,
media buyers said they were impressed by the original content that will fill
the three channels. Francois Lee, senior VP at MediaVest, liked having more
channels and more programming aimed at 18-to-34-year-olds. "They're so
fragmented," Lee said. "The more ways we have to reach them, the better."
CBS and its partner Lionsgate-which produces shows including
Mad Men- have not announced plans for the TV Guide Network. In a
statement, Moonves said, "We're excited to bring CBS' programming and
production assets to the venture, and work with Lionsgate to rebrand and grow a
channel that will be increasingly valuable to our carriage partners."
On Wall Street, analyst John Janedis of UBS said that paying
$100 million-$125 million for TVGN's 80 million subscribers was a bargain.
"Given the content libraries of both CBS and Lionsgate, the deal would appear
to be a cheap way to distribute their content," Janedis said.
FX's Landgraf expects Moonves to be a formidable competitor.
"I wouldn't bet against Les," Landgraf said. But the key question, Landgraf
added, is, "How much are they going to be willing to spend" to program the
channel? With a new channel, "you have to put on better programming than your
carriage really deserves."
Beating the Broadband Drums
In a more competitive world, Landgraf said he thinks being
big is a benefit: "It's better to be a heavyweight than to be a middleweight
And in an environment where cable universe growth has
stalled and operators are looking to rein in spending growth, Landgraf said
it's important to be a must-have channel.
"If and when there's any kind of shakeout in the
marketplace, it's the non-must-have channels that are really going to
struggle," Landgraf said.
David Levy, president of ad sales, distribution and sports
for Turner Broadcasting, is also a fan of having networks with heft.
"When we go into our negotiations with our partners on the distribution
side, it's nice to have the portfolio of brands that we have and the strength
of the brands that we have. We don't have what we would call a lot of niche,
lower-tiered networks," Levy said.
Levy noted that a lot of smaller networks were launched as
part of transmission agreements with big media companies. "Are they as needed
as they were in the past? That's a question for the negotiators and their other
media partners," he said.
FX and Participant both outlined plans to address online
viewing and support cable operators. Participant will be available to consumers
who subscribe to either a video service or its broadband product. Shapiro said
that its survey of millennials found that while more than 20% were considering
dropping cable, more than 20% of the broadband-only respondents said they were
considering getting cable.
FX's expanded program offerings will be made available
on-demand to authenticated cable subscribers and through operators'
Original programming will be available the day after it airs
and a Movie Bin offering will put 40 movies a month on VOD that will not be
available from a streaming service, increasing the value of a cable
subscription, Landgraf said. "Our point of view is, let's provide content,
better content, better user interfaces, more access, so at least if you're
paying for television you're getting something extraordinary, something
special," he said.
The VOD service is also an opportunity for
advertisers who wish to grab viewers watching movies on commercial-free
streaming services or DVDs, Landgraf said, asking media buyers, "If you could
advertise on Amazon Plus or Netflix, would you?"