Genachowski to Hill: Repacking Will Leave Room for Mobile DTV

Proposal to move TV station political files online was simply part of a larger effort to move files from paper to digital
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FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski said Monday that
the FCC's repacking of TV stations after spectrum incentive auctions would not
compromise their ability to deliver mobile DTV.

That its proposal to move TV station political
files online was simply part of a larger effort to move files from paper to
digital, and promised to look into reports that the FCC was denying an
inordinate number of Freedom of Information Requests or had dramatically
increased the number of highly paid staffers between 2008 and 2009.

were just some of the highlights from a wide-ranging discussion of FCC issues,
budgetary and otherwise at a House Financial Services and General Government
subcommittee hearing Monday on the FCC's budget.

was asked by Rep. Kevin Yoder (R-Kan.) what steps the FCC was taking to insure
that when it repacks stations to free up larger swaths of spectrum for auction
it does not compromise broadcasters' ability to deliver mobile DTV, including
important local news and information. Genachowski said he had given
broadcasters those assurances. He said the FCC was encouraging innovative uses
of spectrum, that broadcasters had the flexibility to provide the service, and
that the marketplace would decide whether mobile DTV would be a success.

Robert McDowell, who was also on hand to talk budget, though he does not
participate in its crafting, used some of his time to caution Congress about
the FCC's proposal to put station political files online. "Where are the
equities in singling out only television broadcasters for such disclosure
requirements when political campaigns spend money on a plethora of outlets to
contact and influence voters," he said in prepared testimony.

issue took up much of the early portion of the hearing as Subcommittee Chair
Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-Mo.) pressed the chairman on why the FCC was spending
time on the issue when it had other things, like Universal Service Reform and
spectrum auctions to deal with.

said that the FCC was still considering the issues in an open proceeding on the
proposal, but that in general it was essentially a question of whether it made
sense as it boosted its online interaction with stations -- applications,
complaints, renewals -- to include the public files that currently are paper in
filing cabinets.

said that he was all for transparency, and that it was not an issue of
transparency or even of putting some of the public files online. He said
broadcasters were complaining specifically about the political files because of
the added expense to keep them online and in real time, as well as having to
post proprietary information. And rather than other parts of the public file,
which have to do with stations service to the community, the political file had
to do with the price of election advertising. "The political file contains
information for candidates seeking to purchase political ads and sheds light on
the spending patterns of campaigns, political committees, third- party groups
and such," he said. "Unlike other parts of the public inspection
file, the contents of the political file do not speak to whether a broadcaster
is serving its local community of license. The political file is a tool for
examining transparency in campaign spending rather than broadcaster behavior."

said that no new information was being made public in the proposal, and as to
whether it was more the province of the Federal Election Commission -- a
suggestion some legislators raised -- he said that FCC had been instructed to
require the TV station political file reporting by Congress in 2002 and that
stations reported the info as part of their public interest obligations.

hammered away on the issue, saying her media buyer could get access to
political file info without having to go knock on every station door.
Genachowski suggested that it was not as easy for the general public. She asked
why the FCC was not suggesting expanding the online requirement to cable or radio.

simply said he was not proposing expanding the requirement and said
broadcasters have unique obligations, including as singled out in the 2002
McCain-Feingold law. He reiterated that it is an open docket and that the FCC
is still considering whether or not to move the files online.

said that TV stations had told him it could cost up to $140,000 per station
annually to comply with a mandate to post the files in real time.

he was prompted to look into the issue by the FCC's refusal to provide
LightSquared documents to Sen. Charles Grassley, Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart
(R-Fla.) said he had done some digging and found that the FCC had denied 48% of
such requests in 2010 compared to an average of 7.3% for the rest of the
government, and for one subcategory of denials, it had refused more than the CIA.

does the FCC have more secrets than the CIA, he asked the chairman.
Genachowski responded that he was not familiar with those statistics but that
there were professionals at the FCC who dealt with those requests and he would
get together with the Congressman to figure out what they meant.

FCC is a government leader in transparency, including under the Freedom of
Information Act," said an FCC spokesman in an e-mail response to the
Diaz-Balart questioning.  "Just last week, the Attorney General
recognized the FCC for its 'particularly exemplary' use of the website
to proactively release agency records and data, and House Oversight Committee
Chairman Darrell Issa gave the FCC an 'A' for its FOIA record-keeping. In
Fiscal Year 2011, the vast majority of FOIA requests that could be processed
led to disclosure of records. Only about 3% (20 of 594) of the FOIA requests
that were complete with fees paid could not be accommodated when the FCC had
responsive records."

FCC did make some LightSquared documents available pursuant to FOIA requests,
but not the documents Grassley sought in a non-FOIA request.

hearing highlights:

was asked by Yoder how the FCC could insure GPS investors that there
would not be a repeat of LightSquared-like potential interference to GPS. The chairman said that
the FCC still wanted to remove the prohibition on using satellite spectrum for
terrestrial mobile broadband -- the waiver it issued LightSquared and is now
proposing rescinding due to GPS interference issues -- so
would need to figure out how to resolve the issue of GPS receivers sensing
in-band transmissions, which had been the case with LightSquared.

chairman said he would look into what appeared to be a large jump in FCC
salaries of over $150,000, although later in the hearing he seemed to have hit
on a possible answer for those salaries going from 46 in 2008 to over 400 in
2009. While he pointed out that was before he came to the commission, he said
staffers had advised him -- apparently in the time between when the issue was raised
first in the hearing and an hour or so later -- that there may have been a
general change in pay grade from just under $150,000 to just over, which would
account for the increase. Genachowski offered some other possibilities,
including that the FCC increasingly needed economists, engineers and others
with advanced degrees to deal with an increasingly complicated, digital world.

reiterated his call for reforming the contribution side of the Universal
Service Fund. The chairman said that was in the works, but pointed out that the
FCC's reforms of the distribution side would already translate into savings for

got a shout out from Emerson for finding $6 million in cost savings. She asked
for a list of the 200 regs he said the FCC had excised, saying she would like
to get other agencies to follow his lead. McDowell said he would also like to
see that list, suggesting that while the FCC was pruning some, it was growing
others in the form of additional regs the FCC had passed over his dissent.

would not be a Hill hearing without someone asking whether the Fairness
Doctrine was going to be revived. The chairman, who took the vestiges of that
doctrine off the books last year, prompted by McDowell, reiterated that he
thought it had been a bad policy from the outset and it was gone. McDowell
added a caveat, however, saying that under a different chairman, perhaps, it
could come back in another form. He said it would definitely not be called the
fairness doctrine next time around, but advised continued vigilance.

member Jose Serrano (D-N.Y.) said that he was concerned that the FCC might need
more money budgeted for the incentive auctions. Genachowski said he was not
asking for more people, but was also concerned about having sufficient
engineering, legal and other expertise.