The Senate Judiciary Committee will hold a hearing on the
federal shield law bill Sept. 17, according to the Library of Congress' online
The bill is scheduled to be marked up at the hearing,
according to the office of bill sponsor, Rick Boucher (D-VA).
The bill, which passed
in the House last March, prevents journalists or their sources from being
compelled to testify in federal courts, with carve-outs for national security,
cases of imminent harm, and leaks of personal, medical or information related to
trade secrets. Though even in those cases a judge would have to balance those
interests against the public interest in revealing the information.
Boucher, chairman of the House Communications Subcommittee,
said last March after the bill's House passage, "The assurance of
confidentiality that reporters give to sources is fundamental to their ability
to deliver news on highly contentious matters of broad public interest such as
corruption in government or misdeeds in corporations. Without the promise of
confidentiality, many inside sources would not reveal the information, and
opportunity to take corrective action to address the harms would not
arise," he said.
Another big supporter is Indiana
Republican Rep. Mike Pence. The bill was not without Republican critics,
however, who said it would create a special status for journalists and did not
define that term narrowly enough.
Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Tex), one of the bill's biggest critics
and a former reporter himself, said during debate over the bill that the First
Amendment already protects journalists, and added that "only" 17
journalists have been jailed in the past 25 years for failing to testify before
a grand jury.
He said journalists don't have trouble exposing corruption
and injustice without a shield law, and that protecting anonymous sources
should never be more important than saving people and lives.
Journalists and some legislators have been trying for two
decades to pass a federal shield law, pointing out that virtually every state
has some form of journalist protection either in the form of shield laws or
precedential court decisions.