The FCC said on Thursday that it was justified last fall in
sunsetting the requirement that hybrid (digital/analog) cable systems provide
must-carry station signals in analog format (the viewability rule, as
broadcasters see it; the "dual-carriage" mandate, as cable operators
That defense came in a brief filed with the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia, where the National Association of
Broadcasters and others filed suit against the ruling, asking that it be
overturned and the mandate restored.
In its filing, the commission argues that its decision was
consistent with statute and its discretion to interpret that statute, that its
interpretation was reasonable and that it gave adequate notice that it was
considering a device-based approach (cable ops must make boxes that convert
digital signals to analog available at low or no cost).
"The FCC determined ...that the record evidence did not
support the claims of broadcasters that allowing the viewability rule to expire
on schedule would threaten the viability of must-carry stations," the FCC said.
FCC decided last June that cable operators could fulfill their viewability
obligation to make must-carry stations available to all subs by offering low or
no-cost converters, rather than continue to require most cable operators to
deliver the signals in both digital and analog formats. The FCC adopted the
rule in 2007 to coincide with the 2009 DTV transition, and set it to sunset
three years later. The commission concluded that in the five years since that
2007 date, technological and marketplace changes justified sunsetting the ban.
Broadcasters had been pushing the FCC to extend that
requirement another three years, while cable operators said it was time to lift
it and give them more capacity to offer other services consumers might want.
Both sides were doing hefty lobbying in the run-up to the vote, but cable's
arguments held sway in the final order.
Broadcasters had asked the FCC to stay the sunset, which the
FCC declined to do. They then took the decision to court to try to stay the
sunset, which the court refused to do. Broadcasters
then filed a petition with the court seeking to reverse the FCC decision.
While cable operators must make low-cost converters
available to analog customers so they can see the digital signals, the concern
is those viewers might not go to the trouble for a few stations out of the
scores or hundreds in their cable lineups.
NAB also argues that interested parties in the proceeding
were not given notice of that equipment-based alternative, which the FCC