FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski has concluded that the
Comcast/NBCU joint venture is, on balance, in the public interest, but with the
scales tipped by a series of conditions on the deal, as well as the companies'
public interest pledges.
The FCC will impose conditions on program access, program
carriage, online access, broadcast competition and diversity, localism and
other related issues, related to how each might advantage Comcast/NBCU or
FCC officials speaking on background pointed to various
steps the two companies promised, including broadband adoption and deployment,
preserving over-the-air broadcasting protections, diversity, localism and
Comcast struck a number of outside deals with minority
groups and independent programmers to gain regulatory approval of the deal.
While they said the deal posed significant concerns, they
said the conditions would be tough and narrowly tailored.
They would not say how long the conditions would be in
Those protections will be targeted to both traditional and
over-the-top new media delivery. The commission was widely expected to adopt
traditional program access conditions, as it has in other mergers, and in
recent weeks it appeared clearer that they would extend that to online, where Genachowski
has argued an increasing number of folks will be getting content, including on
new mobile broadband platforms.
Program access is the ability of competitors to have access
to NBCU programming, carriage is the ability of third parties to get
the carriage on Comcast platforms, and online access involves access to
programming and ability of viewers to get that programming online.
The officials said that the narrow tailoring of the online
conditions was because they wanted effective conditions, but ones that
recognized the business realities of a nascent online space to avoid
Comcast has argued that such conditions could have such
They also pointed out that FCC Chairman
Julius Genachowski's vetting the deal should not be looked at as an opportunity
to make industry policy, but to mitigate particular harms to consumers in this
The Chairman has not voted the item yet himself. Since this
will be the first time the other four commissioners have seen the order, it is
essentially the beginning of a conversation about the proposal that could take
until early January, particularly given the intervening holidays and the
Consumer Electronics Show early next month.
Like the network neutrality draft order, the Comcast/NBCU
order could change after that conversation, said senior FCC officials. Any
substantive changes or edits would have to be approved by at least three
The commissioners will now have as much as four weeks to
vote the order, though they could also theoretically vote on it immediately.
Aides to various commissioners have suggested the latter is not going to happen
given the size and importance of the deal, which combines the largest cable
operator with a studio and major network.
One senior official said he recognized that it could take
some time given the holiday season and the fact the commissioners will need to
look at it. He said he expected the contributions of the other commissioners
could be significant, though at the end of the day thought they would be able
to agree. He also pointed out that the commissioners had met extensively
with all the stakeholders and so were thoroughly briefed on the issues, if not
the specific order.
The FCC is coordinating with the Justice Department, which
is not expected to announce anything today, according to a source familiar with
the Justice process speaking on background. Justice is not expected to block
the deal, but instead to announce a consent decree with Comcast/NBCU on the
competition policy issues in tandem with the FCC vote on the item, whenever
The FCC and Justice have been working closely together on
the review, as well as with Comcast and NBCU.
The deal, which FCC officials stressed was a joint venture
rather than a merger, creates a company, majority owned by Comcast (51%) that
pools all of NBCU's media content with most of Comcast's, with
Comcast retaining full control of its cable and Internet assets. Comcast has
the option of buying out NBCU parent GE's 49% interest in the joint venture
over the next three to seven years.
The FCC's review stems primarily from the transfer
of NBCU's broadcast licenses, and Comcast/NBCU had the burden of proving
that the venture served the public interest, which is the FCC's standard of
review, and includes competition, innovation, localism and diversity. If the
augmented benefits (say Comcast's public interest pledges) and mitigated harms
(conditions on access to content) tip the scale toward the public interest, the
deal is approved.
The FCC is currently in day 208 of its informal 180-day shot
clock of reviewing the deal.
Comcast had no comment at press time since the order had not
yet been circulated to all the commissioners.