B&C Editorial7/29/2013 12:01:00 AM Eastern
Battle Cry of Press Freedom
Republicans and Democrats have both been critical of
government data grabs from phone companies and -- in at least one case -- trying
to treat a journalist as an accessory to espionage simply for doing his job. We
are pleased the Justice Department promised to take steps to better protect
journalists from government investigatory overreach. Those measures include new
guidelines for seeking records related to newsgathering that require notice of
that collection, and negotiations with news media ove that collection, unless
doing so would "pose a clear and substantial threat" to the investigation.
Previously, the presumption was that notice and negotiations would not occur unless
the DOJ determined that to do so "would not" pose a substantial threat.
It also modifies search warrant policies so journalists'
work cannot be sought unless it's shown to have no connection to ordinary
newsgathering activities. The Attorney General also has to approve any search
warrants and court orders directed to news media.
In essence, this gives the default setting notice to news
media, unless there is an affirmative showing that to do so would threaten the
integrity of the investigation, risk grave damage to national security or pose
an imminent danger to life and limb. That's fine as far as it goes. But as
everyone knows, such internal controls can change with turnover of top brass,
so what this country still needs is a federal shield law.
With the spotlight still on data collection and protection
-- helped by the general concern over data protection in the Internet age, a
bipartisan issue -- this may be the best opportunity journalists have to get
the federal protection from overreach the vast majority of states have already
put on their books.
It is certainly needed as never before, given this
administration's zeal for investigating journalists in their effort to plug
leaks. We encourage our media brethren to continue to press Congress to pass a
shield law this session.
Check and Double
KTVU San Francisco got pranked but good (or, to be fair,
bad). It has apologized and promised to take actions to prevent a repeat
performance after it aired erroneous, and racially offensive, names that were
supposedly those of the pilots of the Asiana Airlines flight that crashed.
That should have been the end of it. But the station
scratched the scab by reportedly invoking copyright law to try to get clips of
the offending piece removed from YouTube. KTVU reportedly advertised the move
as minimizing repetition of the offending names. But if its heart was in the
right place, its solution was misguided.
News clips and criticism -- and the postings were arguably
both -- are protected by the fair use exemption to copyright law. Posting
full-length shows or movies, or other protected content without permission, is
what the takedown system is meant to prevent, and rightly so. But attempts to
use the law and the system to remove legitimate content just because you don't
like it is not the way to go. It is akin to crying wolf, which makes it harder
to police the true copyright violators.
KTVU's misfortune should be a lesson to all of us who move
in a news world that travels at the speed of electrons, and one that carries the
attendant competitive pressures that somehow make being fast more important
than being right. To borrow from the old carpenter's saw, "check twice, report
No Statue of
This year's Emmy nominations demonstrated what everybody
knows: Cable dramas are hot. But they also suggest that broadcast dramas are
either not so hot, or perhaps are being overlooked. Who still remembers when
Cable Aces were the only high cards for a cable genre that now seemingly owns
The Emmy voters opened themselves up to the "overlook"
charge when they failed to reward Martin Sheen for The West Wing, then Hugh
Laurie for House, then Connie Britton for Friday Night Lights. If Britton wins
for Nashville this year, they should make it a dual award and throw in FNL.
Perhaps there could be a "catch-up" Emmy award (Heinz could
sponsor, if product placement is an incentive). Then Jackie Gleason could
finally be honored for The Honeymooners. Yes, we're not joking. (Note to Emmy:
If you have any snubs to add to the list, email
them to us at email@example.com.